Mnémosyne was born as a result of an initiative of the journal CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés during a founding general meeting which took place on 21st October 2000. "The association aims to develop women’s and gender history in France, in academia as well as all other institutional, associative and cultural places of teaching, training, research and conservation."

The Mnémosyne Association is the French section of the International Federation for Research in Women’s History and a member of the European Platform of Women Scientists.