Biotechnologies, corps et personne : "l’Ouest et le Reste" ?

Publié le 22 novembre par Equipe GIS IdG

Conférence internationale de la Société Canadienne d’Anthropologie qui aura lieu du 2 au 7 Mai 2017 à Ottawa (Canada)

Appel à contribution pour le panel :

"Biotechnologies, corps et personne : "l’Ouest et le Reste" ? / Biotechnologies, bodies and personhood : "The West and the rest" ?

qui sera présenté lors de la Conférence internationale de la Société Canadienne d’Anthropologie qui aura lieu du 2 au 7 Mai 2017 à Ottawa (Canada).

La présentation du panel est disponible à cette adresse (en anglais) : http://www.nomadit.co.uk/cascaiuaes2017/suite/panels.php5?PanelID=5391

Pour soumettre votre proposition : http://www.nomadit.co.uk/cascaiuaes2017/suite/paperproposal.php5?PanelID=5391

Résumé court du thème du panel :
This panel focuses on the notion of personhood and examines the cultural contrast of "the West and the rest" through the questions raised by the ARTs and the treatment of bodily materials (gametes, embryos, body fluids, fetal annexes, genes...) within the "techniques of the body" (Mauss, 1934).

Résumé long du panel :
For anthropologists like Marylin Strathern (1992) or Sarah Franklin (1993), the development of genetics, ARTs and fetal ultrasounds radically changed the vision of what personhood and relationships between individuals and kinship are ; by saying that, these anthropologists do separate the occidental modernity and post-modernity from all other socio-cultural experiences (Porqueres i Gené, 2009).

For some authors, this approach is based on a specific and presupposed western definition of "personhood" and "body" which will be necessary to interrogate ; from this perspective, we encourage papers that bring to light the relational dimension of the social life in our own societies - as french researchers like Laurence Hérault, Stéphane Breton or Irène Théry do - that anthropologists working on socio-cosmic societies like Carsten (1997, 2005) or Bonnemère (2008) already pointed out in their fieldworks.

The legacy of Marcel Mauss, especially his analysis of the "techniques of birth and obstetrics" (1934), invites us to examine questions that have been raised by the ARTs and the treatment of bodily materials linked to reproduction (gametes, embryos, body fluids, placenta, amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood, genes...) in a different way : instead of understanding biotechnologies as a factor that would increase the cultural contrast between "The West and the rest", we will pay attention to consider them equally as a subject and a tool to debate the notion of personhood.