Le travail artistique à l’épreuve du genre. Perspectives socio-historiques

Publié le 3 mai 2016 par Equipe GIS IdG

Séance 5 (en anglais) : jeudi 12 mai 2016, de 14h00 à 17H00 à l’EHESS
(Salle 1, Bâtiment Le France, 190 avenue de France 75013 Paris)

Cinquième séance de l’atelier Campus Condorcet

« Le travail artistique à l’épreuve du genre. Perspectives socio-historiques »

  • "DJ Technologies, Social Networks and Gendered Trajectories in European DJ Cultures"
    Rosa Reitsamer (University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna)
  • "Fighting for the same destiny ? French female MCs facing the bundle of tasks of rap music"
    Karim Hammou (CSU-Cresppa/CNRS, Paris 8)

Discutante : Reguina Hatzipetrou-Andronikou (CMH, EHESS-ENS-CNRS)

Résumés :

"DJ Technologies, Social Networks and Gendered Trajectories in European DJ Cultures"
Rosa Reitsamer (University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna)

DJs stands at a juncture of technology, performance and culture in the increasingly uncertain climate of the popular music industry, functioning both as pioneer of musical taste and gatekeeper of the music industry.
Together with promoters, producers,
video jockeys (VJs) and other professionals in dance music scenes, DJs have pushed forward music techniques and technological developments in the last few decades.
However, regardless of genre or time period, female DJs are underrepresented. On the average, there are only around 10 percent all female acts at festivals, labels and clubs.
Based on 75 interviews with female DJs based in Berlin, Vienna and Stockholm conducted by Anna Gavanas and myself between 2005 and 2011 and complimented by the analysis of discussions on international internet forums for female DJs, this paper will reconstruct some of the reasons for the scarcity of female DJs in electronic dance music scenes.
In particular, three aspects will be addressed : firstly, the symbolic association between masculinity and technology ; second, the importance of social networks ; third, the self-promotional strategies of female DJs and female networking strategies.

"Fighting for the same destiny ? French female MCs facing the bundle of tasks of rap music"
Karim Hammou (CSU-Cresppa/CNRS, Paris 8)
French rap music is often presented as a man’s world. Several dimensions of this music and its social representations contribute to this judgement.
There is for instance very few female MCs publicly fighting to make a living with rap music. There is also a smaller proportion of women than men among rap audiences.
But while a quarter of rap audiences were female in 1997, hardly five percent have been able to release a record between 1990 and 2005. How can we make sense of such discrepancy ?
My contribution will focus on the few female rap artists successful enough to record a LP album in the 1990s. Based on biographical interviews, I will compare their trajectory as rap listener, songwriter and singer with the trajectory of unsuccessful female MCs and their male counterparts.