Axis 3 — Territorialities, Spaces, Globalisation

Gender and sexualities are present throughout space and time - in discourse and actions, in practices and subjectivities. This means that gender and sexual differences are at the very foundation of today’s societies. And yet we still know little about the ways in which one’s place in space is negotiated and diversity and otherness are reflected in the production of territories.

The different readings of globalisation, which often take on a male perspective, show the extent to which power relations are played out and expressed in individual and collective territorialities (see Axis 7). Spatialising gender and sexualities means acknowledging the degree to which places count and intervene on all levels of the construction of gendered identities and the development of gender relations in the society. For example, the norms and laws governing an entire set of gender and sexual practices are often articulated on the level of cultural areas and states. On the same level, we can also see the greatest differences in gendered practices and representations, which have been formed under the influence of society’s values, religious identities (Axis 9) and developmental levels (Axis 5).

The transformations linked to today’s globalisation —especially the way in which market and non-market relations are redefined, as well as the increase in mobility, which means that women are increasingly involved in different forms of circulation — are based on the ambivalent effects of not only a transformation of systems of coercion and hierarchization, but also a recognition of new forms of inventiveness. On the sub-national level, we can see the changes in behaviour more clearly. These are often linked to the degree of urbanity and to different types of social and cultural legacies. It is therefore in the public space that we see the strongest tensions coalesce, in order to guarantee a "right to the city" for everyone.

This axis provides an occasion for a continued questioning of the dominating discourse on globalisation and its consequences, especially regarding the homogenisation of lifestyles. Its key argument is that from the perspective of gender and sexualities, this homogenisation is far from being a reality. This axis also involves an approach to the time-space continuum, which allows us to interrogate different binary categories such as local/global, here/elsewhere, periphery/centre, inside/outside and private/public.